A traumatic brain injury (TBI) could be suffered as a result of a motor vehicle accident, as a result of medical malpractice or as a result of contact sports. Whenever someone’s head is struck – and even if they “only” experience violent whiplash and their brain rattles around – a TBI could occur. Healing is often relatively limited, as the brain may not be able to to find new neural pathways that circumvent damage.
As such, a TBI can have a serious, lasting impact on a person’s life in various ways. These effects can vary significantly depending on factors like the location of the damage in question, treatment options, severity, compounding factors, etc. These are just some of the ways a TBI can change a person’s life that should be accounted for in re: approaches to medical treatment and legal responses to the situation at hand.
The physical effects
TBIs can result in impaired coordination, balance and fine or gross motor skills, making everyday activities like walking, eating or dressing challenging. Many individuals with TBIs experience persistent fatigue.
Potential cognitive effects
Memory deficits are common after a TBI, affecting both short-term and long-term memory.
The injury can also lead to difficulties in sustaining attention, focusing on tasks, and multitasking. Slowed thinking and information processing are common cognitive effects. Impaired decision-making, problem-solving and planning skills can result from a TBI.
Emotional changes are common, such as mood swings or irritability. These are often reported by family members who feel like their loved one’s entire personality has changed. TBI survivors are at an increased risk for anxiety disorders or depression. Some individuals may exhibit impulsive behaviors or difficulty controlling their emotions. Changes in behavior and social skills can strain relationships.
A TBI can lead to speech impediments, such as slurred speech or difficulty articulating words. Some individuals may experience aphasia, which affects language comprehension and expression.
Sensory deficits, including changes in vision, hearing or sensitivity to light and sound, can occur after a TBI. Some people may develop epilepsy and experience seizures. TBIs can significantly reduce an individual’s overall quality of life, leading to frustration, decreased self-esteem and a sense of loss.
It’s important to note that the effects of a TBI can vary widely among individuals. Rehabilitation, therapy and support from healthcare professionals, family and friends can play a crucial role in helping TBI survivors adapt to these changes and improve their quality of life. Those who have suffered these injuries due to someone else’s negligence may also benefit from looking into their legal options to better ensure that they receive any and all compensation to which they are rightfully entitled.